Muhlenbergia-Marl prairies are a product of their hydrology. They occur on areas of thin
calcitic soil which overlays a limestone bedrock. The calcitic soil is formed
by submerged periphyton. In short hydroperiod prairies, inundated for 3 to 7 months,
periphyton grows below the water line where there is adequate sunlight. This is in
contrast to the longer hydroperiod prairies where periphyton is able to grow on the
surface of the water. In these short hydroperiod prairies, the water contains a higher
amount of dissolve calcium which is incorporated into the periphyton by blue-green
When the periphyton dies back the calcium crystallizes and re-forms the calcitic soil crust as the organic material quickly oxidizes. This oxidation of organic material only occurs in these short hydroperiod prairies. These prairies are dominated by a single grass species - muhly grass (Muhlenbergia filipes) which provides ideal breeding habitat for the Cape Sable Seaside Sparrow.
Dotted across the prairie landscape are occasionally hammocks of trees species. These areas are formed due to a slight increase in elevation which in turn decreases the hydroperiod. The decrease in hydroperiod allows for the establishment of trees. This increase in elevation may be due to slower weathering of the surrounding rock by water flow. The hammocks usually can consist of tropical hardwoods.